National Defence Academy

National Defence Academy

Syllabus for NDA

NDA Paper 1 Syllabus



Differential Calculus

Matrices and Determinants

Integral Calculus and Differential Equations


Vector Algebra

Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions

Statistics and Probability

NDA Paper II Syllabus


Physical Properties and States of Matter

Modes of transference of Heat


Sound waves and their properties


Simple musical instruments


Rectilinear propagation of Light

Density and Specific Gravity

Reflection and refraction

Principle of Archimedes

Spherical mirrors and Lenses

Pressure Barometer

Human Eye

Motion of objects

Natural and Artificial Magnets

Velocity and Acceleration

Properties of a Magnet

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Earth as a Magnet

Force and Momentum

Static and Current Electricity

Parallelogram of Forces

Conductors and Non-conductors

Stability and Equilibrium of bodies

Ohm’s Law


Simple Electrical Circuits

Elementary ideas of work

Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current

Power and Energy

Measurement of Electrical Power

Effects of Heat

Primary and Secondary Cells

Measurement of Temperature and Heat

Use of X-Rays


General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.


Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms

Physical and Chemical Changes

Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial


Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder

Mixtures and Compounds

Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom

Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation

Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights

Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)


Properties of Air and Water

General Science

Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention

Difference between the living and non-living

Food—Source of Energy for man

Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues

Constituents of food

Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals

Balanced Diet

Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs

The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists



Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation

Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution

Freedom Movement in India

Impact of Science and Technology on Society

Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration

Concept of one World

Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India

United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism

Panchayati Raj

Role of India in the present world

Co-operatives and Community Development

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation

Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State


Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi


The Earth, its shape and size

Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition

Latitudes and Longitudes

Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation

Concept of time

Types of Climate

International Date Line

Major Natural regions of the World

Movements of Earth and their effects

Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities

Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification

Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India

Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Main items of Imports and Exports of India

Current Affairs

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years

Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports

Current important world events


Eligibility Criteria

NDA 2018 Eligibility- Qualification

The academic qualifications varies slightly according to the post that the candidate has applied for. The details of educational qualification for different posts are specified below:

  • For Army Wing of National Defence Academy: Pass certificate in 10+2 exams via recognized board or a University.


  • For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: Candidate should have passed Class 12th exam in the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.


  1. It must be noted that candidates studying in Class 11 are not eligible for appearing in NDA 2018 exam. Additionally, those candidates who have failed INSB / PABT earlier will not be considered eligible for recruitment in Air Force.
  2. Those candidates, who are currently studying in Class 12 at the time of application, must submit proof of passing the exam by deadline. Requests for extending the due date would not be entertained on any grounds.
  3. It must also be noted that the candidates who have been debarred by the Ministry of Defence from holding any type of Commission in the Defence Services will be considered ineligible for admission to the exam.

NDA 2018 Physical Eligibility

There are certain requirements pertaining to the physical fitness or features that must be fulfilled by the candidate at the time of submitting NDA Application forms. The eligibility would vary slightly according to the post for which candidate is applying.

It must be understood that if a candidate has resigned or withdrawn, from any of the training academies of Armed Forces, on disciplinary grounds, he will not be considered eligible to apply for NDA 2018. The required physical criteria are listed below.

Undesirable health issues

The candidate must not be suffering from any of these minor conditions at the time of medical examination –

  • Wax (Ears)
  • Deviated Nasal Septum
  • Hydrocele / Phimosis
  • Condition of Overweight / Underweight
  • Under Sized Chest
  • Piles
  • Tonsillitis
  • Gynaecomastia
  • Varicocele

Case of Body Tattoos

  1. The candidate must ensure that any permanent body tattoos are present only on their inner side of forearm. Under no circumstances will UPSC accept tattoos on the inside of elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of palm / back (dorsal) side of hand. Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are also not acceptable.
  2. In case the candidate happens to belong to a tribe where it is customary to have tattoo marks on the face or body, acceptance will be granted on a case to case basis, considering the traditions involved. The decision of authorities would be final in such instances.

Height and Weight Requirements

  1. Army and Air Force

Candidates must note that the minimum height measurement specified is 157 cms (162.5 cms for Air Force). There are exceptions for certain candidates based on the region they hail from. The details in this regard are discussed below.

 16-17 years17-18 years18-19 years

For Gorkhas and those belonging to hills of North-Eastern areas of India, Garhwal and Kumaon, the minimum height will be 5 cms less than the usual figure. On the other hand, for candidates belonging to Lakshadweep islands, the minimum height standard may be reduced by 2 cms.

  1. Navy

The standards are different for Navy posts and the particulars are summarised below:

 16 years18 years20 years

In case the candidate wishes to be pilot in the Air Force, the following requirements will have to be kept in mind, due to constraints of the flying vehicle:

  • Leg Length: Minimum of 99 cms and Maximum of 120 cms
  • Thigh Length : Minimum is not applicable while Maximum of 64 cms
  • Sitting Height : Minimum of 81.50 cms and Maximum of 96 cms

Spinal Conditions

Presence of any of these conditions will disqualify the candidate immediately:

  • Granulomatous disease of spine
  • Arthritis / spondylosis (Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders / Ankylosing spondylitis / Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis and degenerative joint disease / Non articular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago etc.) & Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, polymyositis, vasculitis.
  • Spondylolisthesis / spondylolysis.
  • Compression fracture of vertebrae.
  • SC Heuerman’s disease (Adolescent kyphosis)
  • Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of cervical spine.
  • Unilateral / Bilateral cervical ribs with demon stable neurological or circulatory deficit.
  • Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s method.
  • Degenerative Disc. Disease.
  • Presence of Schmorl’s nodes at more than one level.
  • Atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.
  • Hemi vertebrae and/or incomplete block (fused) vertebrae at any level in cervical, dorsal or lumbar spine and complete block (fused) vertebrae at more than one level in cervical or dorsal spine.
  • Unilateral Sacralisation or lumbarisation (Complete or incomplete) at all levels and bilateral incomplete sacralisation or lumbarisation.
  • Any other abnormality if so considered by the specialist.

X-Ray Exam

There will be a separate presence of any of the following conditions will disqualify the applicant for posts of Armed Forces:

  • Granulomatous disease of spine.
  • Arthritis / spondylosis      
  • Scoliosis more than 15 degree as measured by Cobb’s Method (10 degree for Army and Navy).
  • More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis
  • Spondylolisthesis / Spondylosis / Spondylolysis
  • Herniated nucleus pulposes.
  • Compression fracture of Vertebra.
  • Sacralisation Disease
  • Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
  • Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
  • Atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
  • Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral
  • Spina Bifida other than SV 1 and LV 5 if completely Sacralised
  • Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist

Visual Standards

The distance vision (corrected) of the candidate should be 6/6 in the better eye and 6/9 in the worse eye. Myopia should not be more than 2.5 D and hyper metropia not more than 3.5 D, including Astigmatism.

It must be remembered that an internal examination of the eye will be done by means of an ophthalmoscope to rule out any possibility of eye diseases. Candidate must possess good binocular vision. The colour vision standard for Army is (CP-III).

The ability to recognize red and green colours is vital. Certificate that neither the candidate nor any member of his family has suffered from congenital night blindness, will have to be produced.

Another noteworthy point is that candidates who have undergone Radial Keratotomy, to improve their visual acuity, or Laser Surgery, will be permanently rejected for all Services. The details of eyesight levels for different posts are provided below:

Uncorrected without glass6/66/6, 6/9
Corrected with glass6/66/6 (only for Hypermetropia)
Limits of Myopia-0.75Nil
Limits of Hypermetropia+1.5+2.00 D Sph
Limits of Colour PerceptionINil
Binocular VisionIIINil
Manifest MyopiaN.A.Nil Re
Tinoscopic MyopiaN.A.0.5
Colour VisionN.A.CP-I (MLT)
AstigmatismN.A.+0.75 Cyl (within + 2.0 D.Max)
Near VisionN.A.N-5 each eye

Other miscellaneous conditions

There are few other physical conditions besides the above mentioned criteria that candidates should fulfil. These criteria are specific to specific wings of defence forces.

  1. No symptoms of weak constitution or bodily defects.
  2. A well-developed chest; fully expanded chest should not be less than 81cms. The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms.
  3. No mal-development or impairment of function of the bones or joint.
  4. No past history of mental breakdown or fits.
  5. Normal hearing capabilities – Candidate should be able to hear a forced whisper with each ear at a distance of 610 cms. in a quiet room.
  6. No impediment of speech.
  7. Normal Blood Pressure with no signs of functional or organic disease of the heart and blood vessels.
  8. No enlargement of liver or spleen.
  9. No abnormality in urine examination
  10. No presence of any kind of skin disease, likely to cause disability or disfigurement
  11. No abnormalities in USG abdomen examination
  12. Sufficient number of natural and sound teeth. A minimum of 14 dental points will be accepted.
  13. Routine ECG for Air Force candidates must fall within normal limits.

This information is according to https://collegedunia.com/exams/nda/eligibility

Get Subscribes to this course!